Welcome to Focus Module

"The Milk Fat Globule and Its Membrane"

Here you find an overview of the module on "The Milk Fat Globule and Its Membrane", its structure and units, learning aims and information on how to get your CME credits.

Welcome Video

Click on the picture below for an introductory video to the Milk Fat Globule from Prof. Berthold Koletzko, Project EarlyNutrition Coordinator and ENeA Managing Director at the LMU Munich Medical Center.

Introduction Video: The Milk Fat Globule


Human milk fat is a major source of energy for the breastfed infant. It also provides infants with essential nutrients and bioactive components that support health and development. In human milk, fat is present in the form of so called Milk Fat Globules (MFG). Components from the milk fat globule membrane (MFGM), such as proteins, polar lipids and cholesterol, have been linked to potential benefits for the infant’s health.In this module, you will learn about the latest scientific evidence on human milk fats and their positive effects on gastrointestinal and metabolic health, and other health outcomes such as immunity and neurodevelopment. An overview of the complex composition of the MFG and its membrane is presented, including the physiological effects of its bioactive molecules. Moreover, this module will introduce you to recent findings exploring the potential benefits of supplementing breast milk substitutes with MFGs from bovine origin.

Structure, Content and Learning Aims of this Module

The module "The Milk Fat Globule and Its Membrane" contains two units to be worked through in the given order. For each unit, you will have the opportunity to request CME credits upon successful completion of a multiple choice test at the end.

Please click on the unit headlines to see the full overview

Please click here to see an overview of the whole module.

How to best follow this module 

For your own coordination and scheduling: To go through this entire module which contains 2 units, you will need about 270 minutes (about 135 minutes for each unit). Downloading further literature or using our integrated links will take additional time.

Every unit consists of a self-assessment test at the beginning, different lessons and a CME test at the end. During the course of the module, the learner will benefit from a number of learning tools, including self-assessment tests, graphics and a discussion forum.

To make better use of the teaching material and consequently a better learning experience overall, we suggest that the learner first should go through the units only after he attempts the CME tests.

CME Certificate of Completion

Please Note: Starting September 1, 2020, all CME Certificates of Completion will be available for purchase for 5,00 € (excl. VAT) per 1 European CME credit to health care professionals in all EU countries only. The ENeA Global platform and modules will remain available to all non-EU health care professionals, but no CME Certificate of Completion will be available for purchase or download.

The CME test will only be available once all elements in each unit are marked complete. To receive your CME Certificate of Completion, you have to successfully pass the CME multiple-choice test and complete the payment process.

European CME Accreditation:

This module has been accredited by the UEMS with 4 credits.

German Accreditation:

This module has been accredited by the German Medical Association with 6 credits.

How to get started

Click the button below to start with Unit 1

Unit 1

OR choose another Unit from the list below